What do I look out for?
What’s a PSA score?
Why is there no annual screening?
At risk groups?
Any man can develop prostate cancer and in recent years there has been an increase in men diagnosed worldwide. The survival rate for prostate cancer is also increasing; this could be due to more testing and awareness of the disease.
Unfortunately, with prostate cancer, there hasn’t been much research to support any preventative measures to avoid developing it, but awareness is vital to help spot any signs and symptoms.
The causes of prostate cancer is still not known, however there are certain factors that can contribute to a raised risk of developing it:
Age is the most important factor for prostate cancer as many men are diagnosed over the age of 50. Men under the age of 50 can still get prostate cancer, however this is not as common. It’s estimated that around 80% of men in their 80’s will have some degree of prostate cancer.
Although the reason is still unknown, black men are more likely to develop prostate cancer than any other ethnicity. It’s estimated that 1 in 4 black men will get prostate cancer at some point in their life.
Having a close family member such as a, brother, father or son diagnosed with prostate cancer puts you almost 3 times more likely to develop prostate cancer, compared to a man who’s had no relatives affected. If the family member affected with prostate cancer was under 60 when they were diagnosed, this further increases your risk of prostate cancer. If a close relative like a mother or a sister has had ovarian or breast cancer, this could also indicate a faulty gene in the family, and raise your risk of prostate cancer.
Certain genes can increase the risk of prostate cancer; these faulty genes can be passed down from your mother or father. The two genes are BRCA1 and BRCA2, if you’re worried about these ask your doctor to do a simple test to detect if you have these genes.
It’s vital to know if you’re ‘at risk’ and to also inform others, awareness is crucial for an early diagnosis.